Developed by the late Dr. Robert C. Atkins, this diet is a very high-protein one and allows virtually no carbohydrate, particularly during the initial stages. By cutting our carbohydrates dieters’ bodies will go into ketosis – a state where the body begins to burn off its stores of fat because it thinks that it is being starved.
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In the first week, subjects ate a weight maintenance (eucaloric) diet providing 67% of non-protein energy as carbohydrate, during which time baseline performance studies were performed. This was followed by 4 weeks of a eucaloric ketogenic diet (EKD) providing 83% of energy as fat, 15% as protein, and less than 3% as carbohydrate. The meat, fish, and poultry that provided this diets protein, also provided 1.5 g/d of potassium and was prepared to contain 2 g/d of sodium. These inherent minerals were supplemented daily with an additional 1 g of potassium as bicarbonate, 3 grams of sodium as bouillon, 600 mg of calcium, 300 mg of magnesium, and a standard multivitamin.
Other research questions the effectiveness of the keto diet on males versus females because of the role that carbohydrates play on hormones and the endocrine system. Some studies have found that male mice actually reap the weight-loss benefits more from a keto diet than female mice, while females actually ended up gaining weight and developed impaired glucose tolerance.
In contrast to other popular low-carb diets, the keto diet focuses on eating large amounts of heart-healthy fats from foods like eggs, nuts, seeds, salmon, and avocado. Most keto books and diet plans also focus on deriving the majority of nutrients from minimally-processed, whole foods. Several studies have confirmed some of the health benefits of ketogenic diet, as well as its effectiveness in weight loss management. However, because this diet involves the consumption of high-fat, moderate-protein, and low-carbohydrate meals, there are dangers or risks involved.
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The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carb diet, helping your body get into a state of ketosis. This happens when your body doesn’t have enough carbohydrates to burn and turns to fat to burn instead. In a state of what is keto diet ketosis, your liver will also produce ketones, which helps supply energy to your brain.
Although it has benefits as a medical treatment for certain groups of people, there is little evidence to recommend it as a long-term weight loss technique for healthy people. When ketone bodies accumulate in the blood, this is called ketosis. How soon ketosis happens and the number of ketone bodies that accumulate in the blood is variable from person to person and depends on factors such as body fat percentage and resting metabolic rate.
As the initial two weeks of the diet are very restrictive where carbs are concerned, dieters will find that the initial weight loss can be very rapid. A ketogenic (or ‘keto’) diet is a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet.